The correct and consistent use of male latex condoms is highly effective in reducing the transmission of STDs. Use a condom every time you have anal, vaginal, or oral sex. If you have a latex allergy, synthetic condoms other than latex can be used. This means not having vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
The consistent and correct use of male latex condoms is highly effective in reducing the transmission of STDs. If you're allergic to latex, other options are available, although these may have higher breakage rates than latex condoms. It's important to know that male condoms can't fully protect you and your partner from contracting an STD. For example, the most common STD is human papillomavirus (HPV).
No method of contraception can completely prevent the transmission of HPV, as it can infect areas that are not covered by the condom. However, using a condom every time you have sex can reduce the risk of transmission.2 It's important to discuss risk factors for STDs with your healthcare provider and ask about the possibility of getting tested. It's possible to have an STD and not know it, because many of them don't cause symptoms. See your healthcare provider for treatment as soon as possible after receiving an STD diagnosis.
Notify all recent sexual partners and tell them to see their healthcare providers and get treatment. All sexual partners should be treated at the same time to avoid reinfection. All couples should avoid sexual intercourse until treatment is complete and your healthcare provider says it is safe to resume. Many sexually transmitted diseases have significant health consequences.
Sexually transmitted disease infections can cause infertility in both men and women. Some sexually transmitted diseases may increase the risk of some types of cancer. STDs can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy or childbirth. A person with an STD other than HIV is two to five times more likely to contract the HIV virus than a person without an STD.
If a person is already HIV-positive, having another STD increases the chance that they will transmit the HIV virus to their sexual partner. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A, and hepatitis B. Your doctor will prescribe these medications to prevent HIV only if you don't already have HIV.
You'll need to get tested for HIV before you start taking PrEP and then every three months while you're taking it. These medications should be taken every day, exactly as prescribed. If you use Truvada on a daily basis, you can reduce your risk of contracting HIV through sex by approximately 99% and injecting drug use by more than 74% percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
UU. Research suggests that Descovy is equally effective in reducing the risk of contracting HIV through sexual intercourse. However, Descovy hasn't been studied in people who have receptive vaginal sex. Using additional prevention measures, such as condoms, can further reduce the risk and prevent other STIs.
Both vaccines are recommended for people who are not yet immune to these diseases and for those who are at greater risk of infection, such as men who have sex with other men and intravenous drug users.